INSTRUCTIONS: Answer the following exercises by providing the lettered response that best answers the question or best completes the sentence or by writing the answer in the space provided.
After you have answered all of the exercises, scroll to the bottom of the page and check your answers. For each exercise answered incorrectly, reread the lesson material referenced with the solution.
1. The pad of material placed on the wound to absorb the blood is called the ____________________; the material used to keep the pad of material from slipping off the wound is the ________________________ .
2. A casualty has a deep cut on his leg. Bright red blood is being expelled from the wound in spurts. This casualty probably has:
a. A severed artery.
b. A severed capillary.
c. A severed vein.
d. Internal bleeding.
3. While surveying your casualty under enemy fire, you discover the casualty is bleeding heavily from a wound in the thigh. The blood appears bluish-red and is flowing from the wound at a steady rate. You should:
a. Take immediate measures to control the bleeding.
b. Wait until you are in the tactical field care phase to treat the bleeding.
c. Wait until you are in the combat casualty evacuation care phase to treat the bleeding.
4. Why should you push away any loose clothing near a casualty’s open wound before applying a field dressing?
a. To allow the wound to get air.
b. To provide a sterile work area.
c. To apply ointment to the wound.
d. To see the extent of the wound.
5. A casualty is bleeding from a wound in the leg. Part of the trouser material is stuck to the wound. You should:
a. Gently pull the stuck material from the wound.
b. Cut around the stuck material so it will be free from the rest of the trouser material. The stuck material should not be removed from the wound.
6. Under what conditions should the tourniquet be removed?
a. NEVER, this will allow the casualty to continue bleeding.
b. Periodically, to return circulation to the limb
c. Under proper conditions when time is on your side.
7. When applying a field dressing to a bleeding wound on the arm, the tails should be tied in a non-slip knot:
a. Directly over the center of the wound.
b. At the edge of the dressing.
c. On the other side of the arm (away from the wound).
d. Wherever the tails happen to cross.
8. After applying a field dressing to a bleeding wound on the casualty’s forearm, you should __________ the arm if the arm is not ___________ .
9. When elevating a leg with a bleeding wound which has been dressed, you should:
a. Elevate the leg above the level of the casualty’s heart by placing it on a pack.
b. Elevate the leg as high as possible.
10. When applying digital pressure to help control bleeding from a wound on an extremity, you should apply pressure to the artery at a point:
a. Above the wound.
b. Below the wound.
11. Which of the following is applied with the intent of stopping all arterial blood flow to the wound?
a. Field dressing.
b. Elevation of the limb.
c. Pressure dressing.
d. None of the above.
12. A pressure dressing is usually:
a. Another field dressing applied on top of the first field dressing.
b. Another field dressing applied 2 to 4 inches above the first field dressing.
c. Folded material applied on top of the field dressing and secured by a cravat.
13. When applying a pressure dressing, the tails should be tied:
a. Directly over the wound.
b. Over the outer edge of the dressing.
c. On the other side of the limb (away from the wound).
d. Wherever the tails happen to cross.
14. The portion of the limb below the pressure dressing has become cool to the touch and the nail beds on the limb are turning bluish. The pressure dressing should be ________ and ________ . If the condition does not improve __________ the casualty.
15. Normally, a tourniquet should be applied ________ to __________ inches above (closer to the heart than) the wound.
16. If the amputation site is about one inch below the elbow joint, the tourniquet is applied:
a. Between the wound and the elbow.
b. Directly over the elbow.
c. Slightly above the elbow.
d. Four to six inches above the elbow.
17. You and the casualty are not in danger from enemy fire. In which of the following situations would you apply a tourniquet without first trying to control the bleeding with a pressure dressing?
a. Severe bleeding from a wound on the leg.
b. Severe bleeding from a wound on the forearm.
c. Amputation of the arm near the elbow.
d. Amputation of two or more toes.
18. Which of the following is preferred for an improvised tourniquet band?
a. A wire that is 36 inches long.
b. A bootlace.
c. A rubber band.
d. A muslin bandage folded into a cravat about three inches wide.
19. Should padding be placed between the tourniquet band and the casualty’s limb?
20. Which one of the following statements gives a proper rule for tightening a tourniquet?
a. A tourniquet should be loose enough so that you can slip two fingers under the tourniquet band.
b. A tourniquet should be loose enough so that you can slip the tip of one finger under the tourniquet band.
c. A tourniquet is to be tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped; darker blood oozing from the wound can be ignored.
d. A tourniquet is to be tightened until both the bright red bleeding and the darker venous bleeding have stopped completely.
21. Once you have tightened the tourniquet band of an improvised tourniquet, you must:
a. Apply a field dressing over the rigid object.
b. Check the casualty’s carotid pulse.
c. Remove the rigid object and tie the tails in a non-slip knot.
d. Secure the rigid object so the tourniquet will not unwind.
22. Once the tourniquet has been applied, should it be covered with a blanket, poncho, or similar material?
23. The casualty’s forearm arm has suffered a complete amputated slightly above the wrist. You have applied a tourniquet. How is the stump treated?
a. The stump is dressed and bandaged.
b. The stump is left exposed to facilitate drainage.
24. After you have applied a tourniquet, you should write the letter ____ and the ____________ the tourniquet was applied on the casualty’s ___________ .
25. A casualty has internal bleeding in a limb. Which of the following should you do to help to control the bleeding?
a. Apply a tourniquet to the limb.
b. Apply pressure to the limb using elastic roller bandages to form a spiral wrap.
Check Your Answers
1. Dressing, bandage. (paras 2-4b, c)
2. a (para 2-2a(1))
3. a (paras 2-2a(2), 2-5)
4. d (para 2-7)
5. b (para 2-7h)
6. c (para 2-5a)
7. b (para 2-9d(4))
8. Elevate, fractured (or broken). (para 2-11)
9. a (para 2-11b)
10. a (para 2-13)
11. d (paras 2-10, 2-11, 2-16)
12. c (para 2-14)
13. a (para 2-14e)
14. Loosened, retied; evacuate. (para 2-16)
15. Two, four. (para 2-18a)
16. c (para 2-18a)
17. c (para 2-29)
18. d (para 2-23a)
19. a (para 2-23c)
20. c (paras 2-18f, f Note, 2-24e20d)
21. d (para 2-25)
22. b (para 2-20b)
23. a (para 2-30)
24. T; time and date; forehead. (para 2-19)
25. b (paras 2-33a, 2-34)